Nobody likes it, but it’s a necessary evil. Romance languages have a bad reputation for their grammar, even though we’d argue that it's nothing like mastering the declensions and cases of any Slavic language. Spanish grammar isn’t a big bad wolf that you should be afraid of - we’ll be guiding you through it! If you’ve just beginning, or if you’re looking forward to refresh your Spanish, these are the Spanish grammar rules that you must learn.
One of things you will have to learn is how to conjugate the plural. While in English you can say “red shirts” in Spanish you need to say “camisas rojas” (“reds shirts”?), which means both the noun (camisas) and the adjective (rojas) need to be in their plural form. Learning pluralization is essential to overcome your broken Spanish!
- Adjectives after nouns
Another thing that you might have noticed is that we don’t write “rojas camisas” (red shirts). Instead, we say “camisas rojas” (shirts red) with the adjective after the noun. This is a very important rule in Spanish and it’s one of the first things you need to get used to. Yes, occasionally you might see a reversed word order in poetry, but that’s only for stylistic purposes. No one really talks like that!
- How to ask questions
When you’re speaking, asking a question is all about the intonation. But writing it’s different, ¿verdad? In Spanish, we use inverted question marks to emphasize the question and indicate the reader when to change their intonation. While we’re at it, ¡you might rejoice in knowing that we do the same with exclamation marks! And yes, it’s non-negotiable. Even Spanish magazine ¡Hola! prints its name with both points, so pay attention.
- Ser vs Estar
Messing up these two verbs might get you into trouble. Saying “soy aburrido” or “estoy aburrido” is the difference between saying that you’re bored or that you’re boring. We don’t want that, right? The thing is ser and estar both translate as “to be” in English. Master the difference between ser and estar to ace at Spanish and speak like a native.
- Verb conjugation
We know nobody is in it for the verbs, but you need to learn them… or else you’re doomed to a lifetime of not speaking Spanish. Even the prettiest rose has its thorns, and in our case it might just be verb conjugation. Check out our survival ebook to learn the present and past tenses, plus a little nice trick to learn the future. With these three, we’re sure you will get your way around!